Solid Waste

Acollective term for garbage, refuse, rubbish, and trash, each term representing a definite category of solid-waste materials. In short, all types of waste material, whether or not hazardous.

Recycling of solid wastes is an option that many municipalities have explored in recent years. It not only facilitates disposal but conserves energy, cuts pollution, and preserves natural resources. To make cans from recovered aluminum, for example, requires 10% of the energy needed to make them from virgin ore. At the same time ore is saved, and the pollution resulting from mining and processing are avoided.


The term 'Landfills' is used herein to describe a unit operation for final disposal of 'Municipal Solid Waste' on land, designed and constructed with the objective of minimum impact to the environment by incorporating essential components. This term encompasses other terms such as 'Secured Landfills' and 'Engineered Landfills' which are also sometimes applied to Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) disposal units.

Approximately 62% of municipal waste is placed in landfills. If the waste is dumped untreated, it can promote the proliferation of rats, flies, and other vermin, encourage growth of disease-carrying organisms, contaminate surface and underground water, scar the land, and preempt open space.

Landfills at GEPIL site


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